Process selection consists of determining the utmost appropriate method for task conclusion. It is a series of resolutions that contain technical or engineering problems and volume or scale issues. As Vonderembse and White (2013) stated, product design, capacity and process selection, are decisions that must be reflected on at the same time. The method for making a product must be contingent on the decisions made when designing a product. Likewise, the process selected and process technology impact product design. Simultaneous engineering was created in response to industrial challenges towards shorter lead times, lower costs and better customer satisfaction. In concurrent engineering, the dissimilar tasks in the product and production development process are integrated and performed concurrently rather than in sequence. Since the duties are being executed in parallel, by incorporating product and process design, this not only decreases the lead time but also improves quality. (Martin (2015). Furthermore, it leads to developing communication, decreases the number of variations in orders, evades delays and enables quick delivery of products thus preventing any mistakes that could increase costs (Vonderembse & White, 2013).  Martin (2015) further noted the prominence of taking into account, the stipulations of the products and the restrictions involved in the process during the design phase. By using the approach of Design for Manufacture, which combines the manufacturing information into the product during the product definition stage, many problems can be resolved (Martin, 2015).

Process selection is also related to the volume demanded in the market place. In process selection, managing leaders always aim to meet their goals by choosing the process that will best balance the costs, effectiveness, and quality. According to Ficko and Borojevic (2017), process forecasting is one of the most challenging tasks in product development because of a number of technological, economic and environmental issues. As a consequence, selecting a manufacturing process is considered a complex multi-criteria decision problem because it involves considering numerous possible alternative manufacturing processes (Fico & Borojevic, 2017). Capacity choices mandate careful deliberation of a business’s long-run goals and the market demand. These decisions must be dependable with existing and expected demand. So, based on the current or estimated market demand, corporations must choose the most suitable process to produce a good or service. The amount of capital put in production methods such as machinery should be warranted by the market demand for the product. If the demand is not enough to cover the cost of the machinery, then the organization should not invest in lavish, specialized equipment (Vonderembse & White, 2013).

Reference

Ficko, M & Borojevic, S. (2017). Multiā€criteria selection of manufacturing processes in the conceptual process planning. Journal of Production Engineering and Management, 12(2), 151-162, DOI: 10.14743/apem2017.2.247. , D

Martin, P. (2015). Product design-process selection-process planning integration based on modeling and simulation. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 77(1), 187-210, DOI: 10.1007/s00170-014-6446-7.

Vonderembse, M. A., & White, G. P. (2013). Operations management [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/

 

 

Respond to… 

The concept of process selection is inter-connected and closely related to a product’s design, along with the necessary capacity for having a seamless production to completion.  In order to properly design a product and maximize its effectiveness, it is vital to consider those three attributes simultaneously because they are directly linked, and they should never be done independently of each other(Vonderembse, & White, 2013).  The theory of process selection is concerned with the most appropriate method of completing a task based on technical, engineering or scale issues. The product design encompasses all the aesthetics needed to provide a viable and marketable product necessary to meet demands.  The capacity that is selected by the organization is based on the estimated demand of a product and the proper price point that consumers are willing to pay,

The type of operation that is needed by a company is contingent on the type of product that the business produces, and it is also correlated to the market demands, which is based on process selection that is a function of the volume demanded.  There are also different process types that encompass, different projects along with manufacturing cells, line flow, assemble line, batch, job shop and flexible manufacturing systems(Vonderembse, & White, 2013)

Reference

Vonderembse, M.A., & White, G.P. (2013). Operations Management [Electronic version].

     Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/  

 
 
 

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