Legal structure in union behavor

Following a 1938 Supreme Court decision, employers may hire permanent replacement workers in response to a strike, unless the strike is related to

working conditions.

unfair labor practices on the part of the employer.

hours beyond the standard eight-hour workday.

wages that are below average for an industry. 2. Which of the following statements is true of the Norris-LaGuardia Act of 1932?

It effectively curbed employer hostility toward unions.

It was moderate in its support for organized labor.

It helped to end the widespread unemployment of that time.

It outlawed yellow-dog contracts. 3. The authors of your text characterize the relationship of the AFL-CIO federation to its affiliated national unions as being similar to the relationship of the _______ to its members.

United Nations

U.S. Congress

PTA

local union 4. Which of the following has not been considered a mandatory subject for collective bargaining?

Health insurance

Seniority

The grievance procedure

Retiree benefits 5. Regarding Wal-Mart, which of the following statements is false?

About 65 percent of Wal-Mart employees are granted health-care insurance.

Human Rights Watch charged Wal-Mart with being able to “violate U.S. labor law with virtual impunity.”

When a small group of meat cutters voted to unionize, Wal-Mart simply closed that plant.

Wal-Mart pay levels are about six dollars per hour lower than those of unionized supermarket employees. 6. Regarding the trend toward national union mergers, which of the following statements is false?

Steadily rising administrative costs have encouraged mergers.

Under the AFL-CIO system, all national union mergers have been voluntary.

Most European countries have a total of about 15 unions.

Most mergers have involved the merger of a number of small unions into a single union. 7. The Taft-Hartley Act specifies six unfair labor union practices. Which of the following of these practices has been effectively unenforceable?

The ban on union coercion of employees

The prohibition of featherbedding

The provision requiring unions to engage in collective bargaining

Causing an employer to discriminate against an employee to enhance pro-union sentiments 8. According to the authors of your text, one is justified in saying that the modern labor movement in America began in

1935.

1933.

1947.

1926. 9. During the Clinton administration, NLRB chairman William Gould was successful in implementing

allowing modified collective bargaining when as few as 20 percent of employees voiced pro-union sentiments.

the practice of delivering an NLRB decision in days, not months.

the recognition of a union without an election if 60 percent or more employees voted for the union.

a plan to allow employees to vote on their union sentiments by mail. 10. The supreme governing body of the AFL-CIO is the

executive council.

convention.

the elected vice presidents.

AFL-CIO constitution.

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