*I need about 4~5 pages draft paper by anytime before Oct 25th 9:00AM*
HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN
History of Art & Design Fall semester, 2016
HD361/1, 2 credits
Final Paper Deadlines
Week 10 (Oct. 25): Draft papers due
Week 14 (Nov. 22): Final papers due
Interrogate an Object
The final paper for this course will require each student to research and write a history of a
designed object. You may choose to expand on your typology from the museum project in
written format or you can propose another object of interest from design history. Using concepts
from our readings, discussion, lectures, and beyond, investigate that object within its broader
social and cultural context.
Use both primary and secondary sources to research the ways in which your subject matter was
affected by the culture from which it came. Ask yourself the following questions to help situate
your subject historically:
Understand the Object.
Collect images of your object.
Describe the basics of this object.
1. What is it?
2. What is it called?
3. When was it made?
4. Where is or was the object available?
Describe what it looks like. (Formal Analysis)
5. What are the parts?
6. How are the parts composed (consider line, shape, form, balance, emphasis/focus,
movement, pattern, repetition, unity)?
7. What materials are used?
8. What colors are used?
9. What textures are used?
Describe what this object does. (Functional Analysis)
10. What does it do?
11. How does it work?
12. Does it also have a social function?
13. Does it have a patent?
14. Is it used conspicuously or privately?
Describe the user.
15. Who is the user?
16. What is specific about the user (consider geography, social class, income, gender, ability,
age, etc.)?
17. Are there unintended or other users?
Describe the designer.
18. Who designed this object?
19. Is there a team of designers?
20. Where was it designed?
21. Is the designer also the producer?
Describe production.
22. Who produced it?
23. Where was it produced?
24. What methods were used to produce this object?
25. Who paid to make it (company, manufacturer, commissioner, client, patron)?
26. Were there pieces or parts from other places?
27. Were there any constraints on its production (legal, political)?
Understand the Context and History of the Object
Collect images of alternative objects.
Describe the alternatives and what came before and after:
28. How are the objects the same (cost, availability, materials, manufacturing/production)?
29. How are the objects different (cost, availability, materials, manufacturing/production)?
30. Who would use the alternative (consider genders, geographies, abilities, age)?
31. Do the two objects appeal to the same taste?
32. When were the alternatives made?
33. How has the object changed over time?
34. How has the use of the object changed over time?
35. How has the user of the object changed over time?
36. Where have these objects been used over time?
37. How did technology or new materials change this object?
38. Did changing social structures affect the use of this object?
39. Did changing social structures affect the perception of this object?
40. Did legal requirements or trade agreements change these objects over time?
Summary
Use images and text to write 3,000 words (approximately 8 pages). Keep track of all of your
sources to compile a bibliography. Use in-text citations wherever appropriate.
Draft and final papers are due in class (hard copy) and by email ***
9:30am (on Oct. 25 for drafts, on Nov. 22 for finals). No late papers will be accepted.
Final Paper Guidelines
Length: 3,000 words (approx. 8 pages) plus SEVERAL IMAGES.
Format: Papers are to be typed, double-spaced, using a readable font and 1-inch margins.
Writing Matters: DO proofread and edit these before handing in.
Bibliography: Be consistent. The following format is fine:
Lambert, Tiffany. “How to Write a Draft Paper.” In LMS Resources for HID 361, pp. 35–
40. Brooklyn: Pratt Institute Publishing.
Sources: Cite web-based resources; provide urls and say me when they were accessed. Use a
minimum of 8–10 books or academic journal articles.
You are expected to quote directly from your sources, or to paraphrase material rather than
making direct quotes. Paraphrasing is when you use the ideas or research of someone other
than yourself. For example, if you rely upon some of the information in the required readings,
and you employ those ideas in your essay, you are expected to cite the source even if you are
not making a direct quotation. In general, it is preferable to paraphrase, using too many quotes
as “fillers” in a paper can lead to a lower grade. When citing sources, please use the following
formats (from the Chicago Manual of Style). If using a different format, please be consistent.
You must use formal citations (footnotes or endnotes) in your paper. Please refer to the Writing
and Citing Resources tab on the Campus Guide for more details. Students must keep a copy of
their papers.
** Late papers will not be accepted.** A research paper is designed to unite your ideas with
extensive research. It should be carefully planned, well-organized, and well-written.

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