set 1 1. (TCO A) An advantage of the corporate form of business is that _____. (Points : 5) it has limited life its owner’s personal resources are at stake its ownership is easily transferable via the sale of shares of stock it is simple to establish 2. (TCO A) When a corporation distributes a dividend, _____. (Points : 5) the most common form of distribution is a cash dividend the Dividends account will be increased with a credit the Retained Earnings account will be directly increased with a debit the Dividends account will be decreased with a debit 3. (TCOs A, B) Below is a partial list of account balances for Denton Company: Cash $7,000 Prepaid insurance 700 Accounts receivable 3,500 Accounts payable 2,800 Notes payable 4,200 Common stock 1,400 Dividends 700 Revenues 21,000 Expenses 17,500 What did Denton Company show as total credits? (Points : 5) $30,100 $29,400 $28,700 $30,800 4. (TCOs B, E) A small and private company may be able to justify using a cash basis of accounting if it has _____. (Points : 5) sales under $1,000,000 no accountants on staff insignificant receivables and payables all sales and purchases on account 5. (TCO D) In a period of increasing prices, which inventory cost flow assumption will result in the lowest amount of income tax expense? (Points : 5) FIFO LIFO The average cost method Income tax expense for the period will be the same under all assumptions. 6. (TCOs A, E) Equipment was purchased for $60,000. Freight charges amounted to $2,800 and there was a cost of $8,000 for building a foundation and installing the equipment. It is estimated that the equipment will have a $12,000 salvage value at the end of its 5-year useful life. Depreciation expense each year using the straight-line method will be _____. (Points : 5) $14,160 $11,760 $9,840 $9,600 7. (TCOs D, G) Lopez Corporation issues 500 ten-year, 8%, $1,000 bonds dated January 1, 2007, at 96. The journal entry to record the issuance will show a _____. (Points : 5) debit to Cash of $500,000 credit to Discount on Bonds Payable for $20,000 credit to Bonds Payable for $480,000 debit to Cash for $480,000 8. (TCO C) Accounts receivable arising from sales to customers amounted to $35,000 and $40,000 at the beginning and end of the year, respectively. Income reported on the income statement for the year was $120,000. Exclusive of the effect of other adjustments, the cash flows from operating activities to be reported on the statement of cash flows is _____. (Points : 5) $120,000 $125,000 $155,000 $115,000 9. (TCO F) Which one of the following is not a tool in financial statement analysis? (Points : 5) Horizontal analysis Circular analysis Vertical analysis Ratio analysis 10. (TCO F) In vertical analysis, the base amount for studying salary and wages expense is generally _____. (Points : 5) net sales salary and wages expense in a previous year gross profit net income 11. (TCO F) Ratios are most useful in identifying _____. (Points : 5) trends differences causes relationships among different numbers 12. (TCO F) A common measure of liquidity is _____. (Points : 5) return on assets current ratio profit margin debt to equity 13. (TCO F) Return-on-assets ratio is most closely related to _____. (Points : 5) profit margin and debt-to-total-assets ratio profit margin and asset-turnover ratio times interest earned and debt-to-stockholders equity ratio profit margin and free cash flow 14. (TCO G) To calculate the market value of a bond, we need to _____. (Points : 5) find out the present value of all of the future cash payments promised by the bond calculate the present value of the principal only calculate the present value of the interest only multiply the bond price by the interest rate 1. (TCO A) Below you will find selected information (in millions) from Coca-Cola Co.’s 2012 Annual Report: Income Taxes Payable $471 Short-term Investments and Marketable Securities 8,109 Cash 8,442 Other non-current Liabilities 10,449 Common Stock 1,760 Receivables 4,812 Other Current Assets 2,973 Long-term Investments 10,448 Other Non-current Assets 3,585 Property, Plant and Equipment 23,486 Trademarks 6,527 Other Intangible Assets 20,810 Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 53 Accumulated Depreciation 9,010 Accounts Payable 8,680 Short Term Notes Payable 17,874 Prepaid Expenses 2,781 Other Current Liabilities 796 Long-Term Liabilities 14,736 Paid-in-Capital in Excess of Par Value 11,379 Retained Earnings 55,038 Inventories 3,264 Treasury Stock 35,009 Other information taken from the Annual Report: Sales Revenue for 2012 $48,017 Cost of Goods Sold for 2012 19,053 Net Income for 2012 9,019 Inventory Balance on 12/31/11 3,092 Net Accounts Receivable Balance on 12/31/11 4,920 Total Assets on 12/31/11 79,974 Equity Balance on 12/31/11 31,921 Required: 1. Using the information provided prepare a Balance Sheet. Separate the current assets from non-current assets and provide a total for each. Also separate the current liabilities from the non-current liabilities and provide a total for each. 2. Using the Balance Sheet from your answer above calculate; Current Ratio, Days in Inventory, Average Collection Period, Return on Assets Ratio, Debt to Total Assets and Return on common stockholders’ equity ratio. (Make sure to show all your work) (Points : 36) 2. (TCO B) The following selected data was retrieved from the Wal-Mart, Inc. financial statements for the year ending January 31, 2013: Accounts Payable $38,080 Accounts Receivable 6,768 Cash 7,781 Common Stock 3,952 Cost of Goods Sold 352,488 Income Tax Expense 7,981 Interest Expenses 2,064 Membership Revenues 3,048 Net Sales 466,114 Operating, Selling and Administrative Expenses 88,873 Retained Earnings 72,978 Required: Using the information provided above: 1. Prepare a multiple-step income statement 2. Calculate the Profit Margin, and Gross profit rate for the company. Be sure to provide the formula you are using, show your calculations, and discuss your findings/results. (Points : 36) 3. (TCO C) Please review the following real-world Hewlett Packard Statement of Cash flows and address the 2 questions below: Cash flow from operating activities In millions In millions For the year ended 2012 For the year ended 2011 Net (loss) earnings $(12,650) $7,074 Depreciation and amortization 5,095 4,984 Impairment of goodwill and purchased intangible assets 18,035 885 Stock-based compensation expense 635 685 Provision for doubtful accounts 142 81 Provision for inventory 277 217 Restructuring charges 2,266 645 Deferred taxes on earnings (711) 166 Excess tax benefit from stock-based competition (12) (163) Other, net 265 (46) Accounts and financing receivables 1,269 (227) Inventory 890 (1,252) Accounts payable (1,414) 275 Taxes on earnings (320) 610 Restructuring (840) (1,002) Other assets and liabilities (2,356) (293) Net cash provided by operating activities 10,571 12,639 Cash flows from investing activities: Investment in property, plant, and equipment (3,706) (4,539) Proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment 617 999 Purchases of available-for-sale securities and other investments (972) (96) Maturities and sales of available-for-sale securities and other investment 662 68 Payments in connection with business acquisitions, net of cash acquired (141) (10,480) Proceeds from business divestiture, net 87 89 Net cash used in investing activities (3,453) (13,959) Cash flow from financing activities: (Payments) issuance of commercial paper and notes payable, net (2,775) (1,270) Issuance of debt 5,154 11,942 Payment of debt (4,333) (2,336) Issuance of common stock under employee stock plans 716 896 Repurchase of common stock (1,619) (10,117) Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation 12 163 Cash dividends paid (1,015) (844) Net cash used in financing activities (3,860) (1,566) Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 3,258 (2,886) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 8,043 10,929 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $11,301 $8,043 Required: 1) Please calculate the percentage increase or decrease in cash for the operating, investing, and financing sections and explain the major reasons for the increase or decrease for each of these sections. 2) Please calculate the free cash flow for 2012 and explain the meaning of this ratio. (Points : 36) 4. (TCO D) You are CFO of Goforit, Inc., a wholesale distribution company specializing in emerging technologies. Your CEO is a brilliant marketer, but relies on you to explain issues and choices in accounting and finance. She has heard from other members of a CEO organization to which she belongs that a company’s net income can vary widely depending on which accounting choices are made from the “GAAP menu.” Assuming the goal is to maximize net income, choose an accounting treatment from each of the following scenarios, and explain to your CEO why the choice will produce the desired effect on reported Net Income for the current year. Include in your answer the effect of the choice on both the income statement and balance sheet. Required: a. Goforit carries significant electronics inventory in a competitive environment where prices are actually falling. Which inventory valuation method would you choose—LIFO, FIFO, or average cost? Assume that unit purchases exceed unit sales. b. Goforit has a large investment in warehouse equipment including conveyor belts, forklifts, and automated packaging systems. Which depreciation method would you choose: Straight line (SL) or double declining balance (DDB)? (Points : 36) 5. (TCO F) Please review the following real-world ratios for Johnson & Johnson and Pfizer for the year ended 2012 and address the 2 questions below. Ratio Name Johnson & Johnson Pfizer Profit margin 16.1% 24.7% Inventory turnover ratio 3.1 1.7 Average collection period 59.4 days 69.1 days Cash debt coverage ratio .27 .16 Debt to Total assets 46.6% 127.5% Required: 1) Please explain the meaning of each of the Pfizer ratios above. 2) Please state which company performed better for each ratio. set 2 1.(TCO A) Which one of the following is an advantage of corporations relative to partnerships and sole proprietorships? (Points : 5) Reduced legal liability for investors Harder to transfer ownership Lower taxes Most common form of organization 2.(TCO A) When a corporation distributes a dividend, _____. (Points : 5) the most common form of distribution is a cash dividend the Dividends account will be increased with a credit the Retained Earnings account will be directly increased with a debit the Dividends account will be decreased with a debit 3.(TCOs A, B) Below is a partial list of account balances for Cerner Company: Cash $5,000 Prepaid insurance 500 Accounts receivable 2,500 Accounts payable 2,000 Notes payable 3,000 Common stock 1,000 Dividends 500 Revenues 15,000 Expenses 12,500 What did Cerner Company show as total credits? (Points : 5) $21,500 $21,000 $20,500 $22,000 4.(TCOs B, E) A small and private company may be able to justify using a cash basis of accounting if it has _____. (Points : 5) sales under $1,000,000 no accountants on staff insignificant receivables and payables all sales and purchases on account 5.(TCO D) Three companies report the same cost of goods available for sale, but each employs a different inventory costing method. If the price of goods has increased during the period, then the company using _____. (Points : 5) LIFO will have the highest ending inventory FIFO will have the highest cost of goods sold All three companies will have the same value for ending inventory. average cost will have an ending inventory value that falls between FIFO and LIFO 6.(TCOs A, E) Equipment was purchased for $60,000. Freight charges amounted to $2,800 and there was a cost of $8,000 for building a foundation and installing the equipment. It is estimated that the equipment will have a $12,000 salvage value at the end of its 5-year useful life. Depreciation expense each year using the straight-line method will be _____. (Points : 5) $14,160 $11,760 $9,840 $9,600 7.(TCOs D, G) Mendez Corporation issues 2,000 ten-year, 8%, $1,000 bonds dated January 1, 2007, at 103. The journal entry to record the issuance will show a _____. (Points : 5) debit to Cash of $2,000,000 debit to Premium on Bonds Payable for $60,000 credit to Bonds Payable for $2,000,000 credit to Cash for $2,060,000 8.(TCO C) Accounts receivable arising from sales to customers amounted to $35,000 and $40,000 at the beginning and end of the year, respectively. Income reported on the income statement for the year was $120,000. Exclusive of the effect of other adjustments, the cash flows from operating activities to be reported on the statement of cash flows is _____. (Points : 5) $120,000 $125,000 $155,000 $115,000 9.(TCO F) One variation of the horizontal analysis is known as _____. (Points : 5) nonlinear analysis vertical analysis trend analysis common-size analysis 10.(TCO F) In a common-size balance sheet, the 100% figure is _____. (Points : 5) total current assets total property, plant, and equipment total liabilities total assets 11.(TCO F) In vertical analysis, the base amount for studying salary and wages expense is generally _____. (Points : 5) net sales salary and wages expense in a previous year gross profit net income 12.(TCO F) A common measure of profitability is the _____. (Points : 5) current ratio current cash debt coverage ratio return on common stockholder’s equity ratio debt to total assets 13.(TCO F) Return-on-assets ratio is most closely related to _____. (Points : 5) profit margin and debt-to-total-assets ratio profit margin and asset-turnover ratio times interest earned and debt-to-stockholders equity ratio profit margin and free cash flow 14.(TCO G) To calculate the market value of a bond, we need to _____. (Points : 5) find out the present value of all of the future cash payments promised by the bond calculate the present value of the principal only calculate the present value of the interest only multiply the bond price by the interest rate 1. (TCO A) Below you will find selected information (in millions) from Coca-Cola Co.’s 2012 Annual Report: Income Taxes Payable $471 Short-term Investments and Marketable Securities 8,109 Cash 8,442 Other non-current Liabilities 10,449 Common Stock 1,760 Receivables 4,812 Other Current Assets 2,973 Long-term Investments 10,448 Other Non-current Assets 3,585 Property, Plant and Equipment 23,486 Trademarks 6,527 Other Intangible Assets 20,810 Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 53 Accumulated Depreciation 9,010 Accounts Payable 8,680 Short Term Notes Payable 17,874 Prepaid Expenses 2,781 Other Current Liabilities 796 Long-Term Liabilities 14,736 Paid-in-Capital in Excess of Par Value 11,379 Retained Earnings 55,038 Inventories 3,264 Treasury Stock 35,009 Other information taken from the Annual Report: Sales Revenue for 2012 $48,017 Cost of Goods Sold for 2012 19,053 Net Income for 2012 9,019 Inventory Balance on 12/31/11 3,092 Net Accounts Receivable Balance on 12/31/11 4,920 Total Assets on 12/31/11 79,974 Equity Balance on 12/31/11 31,921 Required: 1. Using the information provided prepare a Balance Sheet. Separate the current assets from non-current assets and provide a total for each. Also separate the current liabilities from the non-current liabilities and provide a total for each. 2. Using the Balance Sheet from your answer above calculate; Current Ratio, Days in Inventory, Average Collection Period, Return on Assets Ratio, Debt to Total Assets and Return on common stockholders’ equity ratio. (Make sure to show all your work) (Points : 36) 2. (TCO B) The following selected data was retrieved from the Wal-Mart, Inc. financial statements for the year ending January 31, 2013: Accounts Payable $38,080 Accounts Receivable 6,768 Cash 7,781 Common Stock 3,952 Cost of Goods Sold 352,488 Income Tax Expense 7,981 Interest Expenses 2,064 Membership Revenues 3,048 Net Sales 466,114 Operating, Selling and Administrative Expenses 88,873 Retained Earnings 72,978 Required: Using the information provided above: 1. Prepare a multiple-step income statement 2. Calculate the Profit Margin, and Gross profit rate for the company. Be sure to provide the formula you are using, show your calculations, and discuss your findings/results. (Points : 36) 3. (TCO C) Please review the following real-world Hewlett Packard Statement of Cash flows and address the 2 questions below: Cash flow from operating activities In millions In millions For the year ended 2012 For the year ended 2011 Net (loss) earnings $(12,650) $7,074 Depreciation and amortization 5,095 4,984 Impairment of goodwill and purchased intangible assets 18,035 885 Stock-based compensation expense 635 685 Provision for doubtful accounts 142 81 Provision for inventory 277 217 Restructuring charges 2,266 645 Deferred taxes on earnings (711) 166 Excess tax benefit from stock-based competition (12) (163) Other, net 265 (46) Accounts and financing receivables 1,269 (227) Inventory 890 (1,252) Accounts payable (1,414) 275 Taxes on earnings (320) 610 Restructuring (840) (1,002) Other assets and liabilities (2,356) (293) Net cash provided by operating activities 10,571 12,639 Cash flows from investing activities: Investment in property, plant, and equipment (3,706) (4,539) Proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment 617 999 Purchases of available-for-sale securities and other investments (972) (96) Maturities and sales of available-for-sale securities and other investment 662 68 Payments in connection with business acquisitions, net of cash acquired (141) (10,480) Proceeds from business divestiture, net 87 89 Net cash used in investing activities (3,453) (13,959) Cash flow from financing activities: (Payments) issuance of commercial paper and notes payable, net (2,775) (1,270) Issuance of debt 5,154 11,942 Payment of debt (4,333) (2,336) Issuance of common stock under employee stock plans 716 896 Repurchase of common stock (1,619) (10,117) Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation 12 163 Cash dividends paid (1,015) (844) Net cash used in financing activities (3,860) (1,566) Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 3,258 (2,886) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 8,043 10,929 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $11,301 $8,043 Required: 1) Please calculate the percentage increase or decrease in cash for the operating, investing, and financing sections and explain the major reasons for the increase or decrease for each of these sections. 2) Please calculate the free cash flow for 2012 and explain the meaning of this ratio. (Points : 36) 4. (TCO D) You are CFO of Goforit, Inc., a wholesale distribution company specializing in emerging technologies. Your CEO is a brilliant marketer, but relies on you to explain issues and choices in accounting and finance. She has heard from other members of a CEO organization to which she belongs that a company’s net income can vary widely depending on which accounting choices are made from the “GAAP menu.” Assuming the goal is to maximize net income, choose an accounting treatment from each of the following scenarios, and explain to your CEO why the choice will produce the desired effect on reported Net Income for the current year. Include in your answer the effect of the choice on both the income statement and balance sheet. Required: a. Goforit carries significant electronics inventory in a competitive environment where prices are actually falling. Which inventory valuation method would you choose—LIFO, FIFO, or average cost? Assume that unit purchases exceed unit sales. b. Goforit has a large investment in warehouse equipment including conveyor belts, forklifts, and automated packaging systems. Which depreciation method would you choose: Straight line (SL) or double declining balance (DDB)? (Points : 36) 5. (TCO F) Please review the following real-world ratios for Johnson & Johnson and Pfizer for the year ended 2012 and address the 2 questions below. Ratio Name Johnson & Johnson Pfizer Profit margin 16.1% 24.7% Inventory turnover ratio 3.1 1.7 Average collection period 59.4 days 69.1 days Cash debt coverage ratio .27 .16 Debt to Total assets 46.6% 127.5% Required: 1) Please explain the meaning of each of the Pfizer ratios above. 2) Please state which company performed better for each ratio. set3 1. (TCO A) Which one of the following is an advantage of corporations relative to partnerships and sole proprietorships? (Points : 5) Reduced legal liability for investors Harder to transfer ownership Lower taxes Most common form of organization 2. (TCO A) When a corporation distributes a dividend, _____. (Points : 5) the most common form of distribution is a cash dividend the Dividends account will be increased with a credit the Retained Earnings account will be directly increased with a debit the Dividends account will be decreased with a debit 3. (TCOs A, B) Below is a partial list of account balances for Cerner Company: Cash $5,000 Prepaid insurance 500 Accounts receivable 2,500 Accounts payable 2,000 Notes payable 3,000 Common stock 1,000 Dividends 500 Revenues 15,000 Expenses 12,500 What did Cerner Company show as total credits? (Points : 5) $21,500 $21,000 $20,500 $22,000 4. (TCOs B, E) Using accrual accounting, expenses are recorded and reported only _____. (Points : 5) when they are incurred, whether or not cash is paid when they are incurred and paid at the same time if they are paid before they are incurred if they are paid after they are incurred 5. (TCO D) Three companies report the same cost of goods available for sale, but each employs a different inventory costing method. If the price of goods has increased during the period, then the company using _____. (Points : 5) LIFO will have the highest ending inventory FIFO will have the highest cost of goods sold All three companies will have the same value for ending inventory. average cost will have an ending inventory value that falls between FIFO and LIFO 6. (TCOs A, E) Equipment with a cost of $192,000 has an estimated salvage value of $18,000 and an estimated life of 4 years or 12,000 hours. It is to be depreciated by the straight-line method. What is the amount of depreciation for the first full year, during which the equipment was used 3,300 hours? (Points : 5) $48,000 $52,500 $49,500 $43,500 7. (TCOs D, G) Joyce Corporation issues 1,000 ten-year, 8%, $1,000 bonds dated January 1, 2007, at 102. The journal entry to record the issuance will show a _____. (Points : 5) debit to Cash of $1,020,000 debit to Discount on Bonds Payable for $20,000 credit to Bonds Payable for $1,020,000 credit to Cash for $1,000,000 8. (TCO C) Accounts receivable arising from sales to customers amounted to $80,000 and $70,000 at the beginning and end of the year, respectively. Income reported on the income statement for the year was $240,000. Exclusive of the effect of other adjustments, the cash flows from operating activities to be reported on the statement of cash flows is _____. (Points : 5) $240,000 $250,000 $310,000 $230,000 9. (TCO F) One variation of the horizontal analysis is known as _____. (Points : 5) nonlinear analysis vertical analysis trend analysis common-size analysis 10. (TCO F) Comparisons of data within a company are an example of the following comparative basis. (Points : 5) Industry averages Intercompany Intracompany Interregional 11. (TCO F) Which one of the following is not a characteristic generally evaluated in ratio analysis? (Points : 5) Liquidity Profitability Marketability of the product Solvency 12. (TCO F) Short-term creditors are usually most interested in assessing _____. (Points : 5) solvency liquidity marketability profitability 13. (TCO F) Long-term creditors are usually most interested in evaluating _____. (Points : 5) liquidity marketability profitability solvency 14. (TCO G) To calculate the market value of a bond, we need to _____. (Points : 5) find out the present value of all of the future cash payments promised by the bond calculate the present value of the principal only calculate the present value of the interest only multiply the bond price by the interest rate 1. (TCO A) Below you will find selected information (in millions) from Coca-Cola Co.’s 2012 Annual Report: Income Taxes Payable $471 Short-term Investments and Marketable Securities 8,109 Cash 8,442 Other non-current Liabilities 10,449 Common Stock 1,760 Receivables 4,812 Other Current Assets 2,973 Long-term Investments 10,448 Other Non-current Assets 3,585 Property, Plant and Equipment 23,486 Trademarks 6,527 Other Intangible Assets 20,810 Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 53 Accumulated Depreciation 9,010 Accounts Payable 8,680 Short Term Notes Payable 17,874 Prepaid Expenses 2,781 Other Current Liabilities 796 Long-Term Liabilities 14,736 Paid-in-Capital in Excess of Par Value 11,379 Retained Earnings 55,038 Inventories 3,264 Treasury Stock 35,009 Other information taken from the Annual Report: Sales Revenue for 2012 $48,017 Cost of Goods Sold for 2012 19,053 Net Income for 2012 9,019 Inventory Balance on 12/31/11 3,092 Net Accounts Receivable Balance on 12/31/11 4,920 Total Assets on 12/31/11 79,974 Equity Balance on 12/31/11 31,921 Required: 1. Using the information provided prepare a Balance Sheet. Separate the current assets from non-current assets and provide a total for each. Also separate the current liabilities from the non-current liabilities and provide a total for each. 2. Using the Balance Sheet from your answer above calculate; Current Ratio, Days in Inventory, Average Collection Period, Return on Assets Ratio, Debt to Total Assets and Return on common stockholders’ equity ratio. (Make sure to show all your work) (Points : 36) 2. (TCO B) The following selected data was retrieved from the Wal-Mart, Inc. financial statements for the year ending January 31, 2013: Accounts Payable $38,080 Accounts Receivable 6,768 Cash 7,781 Common Stock 3,952 Cost of Goods Sold 352,488 Income Tax Expense 7,981 Interest Expenses 2,064 Membership Revenues 3,048 Net Sales 466,114 Operating, Selling and Administrative Expenses 88,873 Retained Earnings 72,978 Required: Using the information provided above: 1. Prepare a multiple-step income statement 2. Calculate the Profit Margin, and Gross profit rate for the company. Be sure to provide the formula you are using, show your calculations, and discuss your findings/results. (Points : 36) 3. (TCO C) Please review the following real-world Hewlett Packard Statement of Cash flows and address the 2 questions below: Cash flow from operating activities In millions In millions For the year ended 2012 For the year ended 2011 Net (loss) earnings $(12,650) $7,074 Depreciation and amortization 5,095 4,984 Impairment of goodwill and purchased intangible assets 18,035 885 Stock-based compensation expense 635 685 Provision for doubtful accounts 142 81 Provision for inventory 277 217 Restructuring charges 2,266 645 Deferred taxes on earnings (711) 166 Excess tax benefit from stock-based competition (12) (163) Other, net 265 (46) Accounts and financing receivables 1,269 (227) Inventory 890 (1,252) Accounts payable (1,414) 275 Taxes on earnings (320) 610 Restructuring (840) (1,002) Other assets and liabilities (2,356) (293) Net cash provided by operating activities 10,571 12,639 Cash flows from investing activities: Investment in property, plant, and equipment (3,706) (4,539) Proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment 617 999 Purchases of available-for-sale securities and other investments (972) (96) Maturities and sales of available-for-sale securities and other investment 662 68 Payments in connection with business acquisitions, net of cash acquired (141) (10,480) Proceeds from business divestiture, net 87 89 Net cash used in investing activities (3,453) (13,959) Cash flow from financing activities: (Payments) issuance of commercial paper and notes payable, net (2,775) (1,270) Issuance of debt 5,154 11,942 Payment of debt (4,333) (2,336) Issuance of common stock under employee stock plans 716 896 Repurchase of common stock (1,619) (10,117) Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation 12 163 Cash dividends paid (1,015) (844) Net cash used in financing activities (3,860) (1,566) Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 3,258 (2,886) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 8,043 10,929 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $11,301 $8,043 Required: 1) Please calculate the percentage increase or decrease in cash for the operating, investing, and financing sections and explain the major reasons for the increase or decrease for each of these sections. 2) Please calculate the free cash flow for 2012 and explain the meaning of this ratio. (Points : 36) 4. (TCO D) You are CFO of Goforit, Inc., a wholesale distribution company specializing in emerging technologies. Your CEO is a brilliant marketer, but relies on you to explain issues and choices in accounting and finance. She has heard from other members of a CEO organization to which she belongs that a company’s net income can vary widely depending on which accounting choices are made from the “GAAP menu.” Assuming the goal is to maximize net income, choose an accounting treatment from each of the following scenarios, and explain to your CEO why the choice will produce the desired effect on reported Net Income for the current year. Include in your answer the effect of the choice on both the income statement and balance sheet. Required: a. Goforit carries significant electronics inventory in a competitive environment where prices are actually falling. Which inventory valuation method would you choose—LIFO, FIFO, or average cost? Assume that unit purchases exceed unit sales. b. Goforit has a large investment in warehouse equipment including conveyor belts, forklifts, and automated packaging systems. Which depreciation method would you choose: Straight line (SL) or double declining balance (DDB)? (Points : 36) 5. (TCO F) Please review the following real-world ratios for Johnson & Johnson and Pfizer for the year ended 2012 and address the 2 questions below. Ratio Name Johnson & Johnson Pfizer Profit margin 16.1% 24.7% Inventory turnover ratio 3.1 1.7 Average collection period 59.4 days 69.1 days Cash debt coverage ratio .27 .16 Debt to Total assets 46.6% 127.5% Required: 1) Please explain the meaning of each of the Pfizer ratios above. 2) Please state which company performed better for each ratio. set 4 1. (TCO A) Which of the following is an advantage of the sole proprietorship relative to the corporate form of business organization? (Points : 5) Limited liability of investor Transferability of ownership Simple to establish Unlimited life 2. (TCO A) Dividends _____. (Points : 5) represent an expense and are an operating activity represent an obligation and are an operating activity represent a distribution of earnings and are a financing activity represent an asset and are an investing activity 3. (TCOs A, B) Below is a partial list of account balances for LBJ Company: Cash $15,000 Prepaid insurance 5,000 Accounts receivable 2,500 Accounts payable 3,000 Notes payable 6,000 Common stock 10,000 Dividends 500 Revenues 15,000 Expenses 13,000 What did LBJ Company show as total debits? (Points : 5) $34,000 $36,000 $70,000 $31,000 4. (TCOs B, E) Why is the accrual basis of accounting preferred by GAAP? (Points : 5) The Accrual basis is easier to use. The Accrual basis is also preferred by the Internal Revenue Service. The Accrual basis complies with the revenue recognition and matching principles. The Accrual basis requires fewer accounting resources. 5. (TCO D) In a period of increasing prices, which inventory cost flow assumption will result in the highest amount of net income?(Points : 5) LIFO The average cost method FIFO Income tax expense for the period will be the same under all assumptions. 6. (TCOs A, E) Equipment was purchased for $75,000 on January 1, 2011. Freight charges of $3,200 were incurred and there was a cost of $6,000 for installation. It is estimated the equipment will have a $12,000 salvage value at the end of its 5-year useful life. Depreciation expense for 2011 using the straight-line method will be _____. (Points : 5) $13,800 $14,440 $12,600 $13,240 7. (TCO D,G) Payne Corporation issues 100 twenty-year, 6%, $1,000 bonds dated July 1, 2010, at 94. The journal entry to record the issuance will show a _____. (Points : 5) debit to Cash of $100,000 credit to Bonds Payable of $94,000 credit to Premium on Bonds Payable of $4,000 debit to Discount on Bonds Payable of $6,000 8. (TCO C) Accounts receivable arising from sales to customers amounted to $80,000 and $100,000 at the beginning and end of the year, respectively. Income reported on the income statement for the year was $1,000,000. Exclusive of the effect of other adjustments, the cash flows from operating activities to be reported on the statement of cash flows is _____. (Points : 5) $20,000 $1,020,000 $1,000,000 $980,000 9. (TCO F) If you are making comparisons within a company to detect changes in financial relationships and significant trends, you are performing what type of analysis? (Points : 5) Industry averages analysis Intercompany analysis Common-size analysis Intracompany analysis 10. (TCO F) The formula for performing horizontal analysis is _____. (Points : 5) (Current Year Amount minus Base Year Amount) divided by Current Year Amount Base Year Amount divided by Current Year Amount Current Year Amount minus Base Year Amount (Current Year Amount minus Base Year Amount) divided by Base Year Amount 11. (TCO F) Horizontal analysis is a technique for evaluating a series of financial statement data over a period of time _____.(Points : 5) that has been arranged from the highest number to the lowest number that has been arranged from the lowest number to the highest number to determine which numbers are in error to determine the amount and/or percentage increase or decrease that has taken place 12. (TCO F) A common measure of liquidity is _____. (Points : 5) debt-to-total-assets ratio cash debt coverage free cash flow working capital 13. (TCO F) Short-term creditors would be most interested in which of the following ratios? (Points : 5) Average collection period Times interest earned Cash debt coverage Free cash flow 14. (TCO G) To calculate the market value of a bond, we need to _____. (Points : 5) multiply the bond price times the interest rate calculate the present value of the principal only calculate the present value of the interest only calculate the present value of both the principal and 1. (TCO A) Use the following partial financial statement information below to calculate the liquidity and profitability ratios. This information can be used to correctly solve each of the ratios below. Average common shares outstanding 35,000 Current liabilities $25,000 Capital expenditures $20,000 Net income $50,000 Cash provided by operations $77,000 Net sales $100,000 Preferred stock dividends paid $30,000 Total liabilities $50,000 Current assets $20,000 Total assets $80,000 Instructions: Compute the following. a) Current ratio b) Working capital c) Earnings per share d) Debt-to-total-assets ratio e) Free cash flow To earn full credit, you must show the formula you are using, show your computations, and explain the meaning of each of your ratio results. (Points : 30) 2. (TCO D) The Oxford Company has budgeted sales revenues as follows. Oct Nov Dec Credit sales $120,000 $96,000 $72,000 Cash sales 72,000 204,000 156,000 Total sales 192,000 300,000 228,000 Past experience indicates that 60% of the credit sales will be collected in the month of sale and the remaining 40% will be collected in the following month. Purchases of inventory are all on credit, with 60% paid in the month of purchase and 40% in the month following purchase. Budgeted inventory purchases are $260,000 in October, $180,000 in November, and $84,000 in December. Other budgeted cash receipts include (a) the sale of plant assets for $49,400 in November and (b) the sale of new common stock for $67,400 in December. Other budgeted cash disbursements include (a) operating expenses of $27,000 each month, (b) selling and administrative expenses of $50,000 each month, (c) dividends of $76,000 to be paid in November, and (d) purchase of equipment for $24,000 cash in December. The company has a cash balance of $40,000 at the beginning of December and wishes to maintain a minimum cash balance of $40,000 at the end of each month. An open line of credit is available at the bank and carries an annual interest rate of 12%. Assume that all borrowing is done on the first day of the month in which financing is needed and that all repayments are made on the last day of the month in which excess cash is available. Also assume that $14,000 of financing was obtained on November 1. Requirements: Use this information to prepare a schedule of expected cash payments for purchases of inventory for the months of November and December only. This question does not require creation of an entire cash budget so please only create the schedule that is asked for in the question because otherwise you will be wasting valuable time. (Points : 30) 3. (TCOs B, E) The following items are taken from the financial statements of Lansing Company for 2010. Accounts payable $16,500 Accounts receivable 25,500 Accumulated depreciation 12,600 Bonds payable 35,000 Cash 55,000 Common stock 75,000 Cost of goods sold 53,000 Depreciation expense 6,300 Dividends 5,300 Equipment 35,000 Interest expense 4,300 Patents 6,500 Retained earnings, January 1 80,000 Salaries expense 42,000 Sales revenue 115,000 Supplies 3,500 Instructions: Prepare an income statement and a retained earnings statement for Lansing Company. (Points : 30) 4. (TCO D) Your friend James has hired you to evaluate the following internal control procedures. a) Explain to your friend whether each of the numbered items below is an internal control strength or weakness. You must also state which principle relates to each of the internal controls. b) For the weaknesses, you also need to state a recommendation for improvement. Everyone has access to the petty cash fund. Cash register codes are assigned to each cashier. The treasurer is the only one allowed to sign checks. Supervisors count cash receipts daily. The treasurer approves of the purchases and makes the payment because he is familiar with the purchases. (Points : 30) 5. (TCOs D, E) Please prepare the following journal entries. Indicate which account should be debited with the abbreviation DR in front of the account name and which account should be credited with the abbreviation CR in front of the account name along with the dollar amount of the debit and credit. a) Investors invested $150,000 in exchange for 10,000 shares of common stock. b) Company made payment on account for $10,000 c) Company received $15,000 for services not yet performed d) Company purchased $7,500 worth of equipment e) Company billed $5,000 for services performed (Points : 30) 6. (TCO C) Please indicate which section of the statement of cash flows should contain each of the following items and whether each item would result in an inflow or outflow of cash. The sections are Operating, Investing, and Financing. a) Depreciation of equipment b) Increase in accounts payable c) Sold a building at book value d) Payment of dividends e) Increase in inventory (Points : 30)

 

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