Chapter 3 of Syntax: A Generative Introduction talks about four tests that help us determine whether or not a group of words functions as a constituency. First, briefly describe in your own words how each of the tests works. Then, for each of the sentences below, state whether or not you believe the sequences of words in the brackets are a real constituent, and which constituency tests you might use to determine this. Be sure to provide examples which show your reasoning.

  • Suzanne gave [the minivan to Anna].
  • John got [a passionate love letter from Stacy].
  • He blew [up the building].
  • He [turned off] the light.

Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references

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