BIO 170 MODULE 8 CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING 1. One of the basic objectives of medical nutrition therapy for clients receiving dialysis is to: a. maintain protein and kilocalorie (kcalorie or kcal) balance. b. increase serum sodium and potassium levels. c. increase phosphate and calcium levels. d. decrease intake of simple carbohydrates. Hint:Page 531 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13C:Analyze the diseases that affect the kidneys including glomerular disease, chronic kidney disease, acute renal failure, urolithiasis, and urinary tract infection and the nutrition assessment involved. 1 2. Type 2 diabetes: a. is associated with insulin resistance. b. cannot be controlled by nutrition therapy. c. is associated with an unstable metabolic state. d. is unaffected by weight loss. Hint:Page 495 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13B:Compare and contrast the major characteristics of the different types of diabetes mellitus including gestational diabetes with respect to metabolic pattern, diagnosis, treatment, medications, and nutritional management. 1 3. Clients who receive chemotherapeutic drugs often develop: a. anemia. b. liver failure. c. congestive heart failure. d. abnormal heart rhythms. Hint:Page 560 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13E:Describe several factors that are believed to contribute to cancer development and identify the role of nutrition in the development and progression of cancer cells and tumors including dietary management suggestions for patients receiving chemotherapy or radiation. 1 4. Infants born to mothers with GDM may experience: a. hyperglycemia. b. hypoglycemia. c. low birth rate. d. ketosis. Hint:Page 508 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13B:Compare and contrast the major characteristics of the different types of diabetes mellitus including gestational diabetes with respect to metabolic pattern, diagnosis, treatment, medications, and nutritional management. 1 5. Congestive heart failure can lead to an imbalance in: a. pancreatic enzymes. b. cholesterol. c. fluids and electrolytes. d. lipoproteins. Hint:Page 481 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13A:Identify the various diseases of the cardiovascular system and the role that nutrition plays. 1 6. HIV is a: a. retrovirus. b. drug-resistance virus. c. waterborne virus. d. cellular virus. Hint:Page 540 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13D:Examine the evolution of HIV, how HIV is transmitted, and the current methods of medical and nutritional management of HIV. 1 7. The recommended diet for a person with calcium stones is relatively low in: a. dietary fiber and calcium. b. animal protein and salt. c. purine and phosphorus. d. methionine and cystine. Hint:Page 534 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13C:Analyze the diseases that affect the kidneys including glomerular disease, chronic kidney disease, acute renal failure, urolithiasis, and urinary tract infection and the nutrition assessment involved. 1 8. Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents is related to: a. frequency of snacking. b. consumption of fast food. c. overweight and obesity. d. stress and depression. Hint:Page 495 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13B:Compare and contrast the major characteristics of the different types of diabetes mellitus including gestational diabetes with respect to metabolic pattern, diagnosis, treatment, medications , and nutritional management. 1 9. In the process of atherosclerosis: a. the blood vessels constrict, reducing blood supply. b. plaque is deposited on the interior surface of the blood vessels. c. the blood vessels become too elastic. d. the heart can no longer circulate adequate blood volume. Hint:Page 472 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13A:Identify the various diseases of the cardiovascular system and the role that nutrition plays. 0 10. Weight loss in clients with AIDS is characterized by the loss of: a. muscle protein. b. extracellular fluid. c. intracellular fluid. d. bone mass. Hint:Page 544 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13D:Examine the evolution of HIV, how HIV is transmitted, and the current methods of medical and nutritional management of HIV. 0 11. Lipodystrophy syndrome is characterized by: a. fat malabsorption. b. abnormal redistribution of fat. c. fatty liver. d. increased risk of kidney disease. Hint:Page 548 SLO13:Distinguish among the types of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, AIDS, and cancer and identify medical and nutritional treatments for each. LO13D:Examine the evolution of HIV, how HIV is transmitted, and the current methods of medical and nutritional management of HIV. 1 12. The normal range for blood glucose is: a.

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